ceilingIn every renovation , including the devastation of a divider, it is regularly important to build another one. From time to time, this is the course of action of the storage room, in some cases the manufacture of a closet or desk. Some tasks also require the development of a roof. Despite the fact that the structure is hidden behind gypsum panels, it is essential that it be constructed so that the intersection between the partitions or the roofs and the completion of the materials is excellent. Depending on the application, wood, metal and even PVC are used; the decision of the appropriate equipment depends on the value, the simplicity of the establishment, the basic necessities and the natural effect

General advice for installation

  1. Properly plan the project before purchasing supplies and starting construction.
  2. Take measurements at each end of the new wall and at three places in between when installing the studs.
  3. Spread the materials and check for missing items before assembly.
  4. Strive to cut all the necessary amounts for the entire project at the same time.

Guidelines for drilling holes in ceiling joists and studs

  1. Before drilling holes in a joist or stud, refer to the local building code, as instructions are often given in this regard.
  2. Holes in load-bearing uprights must not exceed 40% of the width of the stud.
  3. Notches made in carrying amounts (on one side) must not exceed 25% of the width of the amount.
  4. Notches made in non-load-bearing amounts (on one side) must not exceed 60% of the width of the amount.
  5. The edge of a hole must be at least 5/8 “from the edge of the stud.
  6. Metal studs already have pre-drilled holes, which makes it easier and reduces the risk of weakening the studs.

Tips for building joists and wood studs

  1. For walls with wood studs, one option is to build them on the floor and erect them in place.
  2. In the case of non-load bearing walls, it is not necessary for the wood studs to consist of a single piece over the full height of the wall. It is therefore possible to assemble different pieces of uprights to fill the space between the lower rail of the lower part of the lintel.
  3. Wooden studs must be assembled using 3 “or 3 ½” common nails.
  4. The addition of sleepers is recommended for walls that are over 8 ‘in height and are equipped with wooden studs. The sleepers are pieces of wood added horizontally between the uprights. They help stabilize the construction of the wall by giving it greater uniformity.
  5. The equipment and tools required for constructions using wood studs include: a level, a mass, a carpenter’s square, a tape measure, a carpenter’s hammer, a chalk line, a plumb line, a quick square, a saw circular and safety equipment.

Tips for building joists and metal studs

  1. The high and low rails, located at the top and bottom of the wall, consist of U-shaped rails in which C-shaped uprights are inserted.
  2. The edges of the rails are then fixed with the edges of the uprights using self-tapping screws.
  3. The equipment and tools required for metal stud constructions include: an electric screwdriver, a cut-off saw, a cordless drill, a tape measure, a chalk line, a level, a hammer drill, a needle nose pliers, de-duck, C-clamp, plumb line, aviation pliers and safety equipment.

Tips for building PVC uprights

  1. The PVC uprights pose no risk during their installation, since their edges are not sharp.
  2. The system of rails and studs is the same as for constructions using metal studs, except that they fit into each other.
  3. PVC studs are pre-drilled for the passage of electrical, heating and plumbing systems, such as metal studs.
  4. Standard tools and fasteners are required for mounting. Consult the manufacturer’s recommendations.



  • Finishing materials are easier to install when the wall is vertical and the ceiling is straight. Check that it is the case using appropriate tools.
  • Use artificially dried pieces of wood, not “green” wood, to build the walls to prevent them from becoming veiled or bent.
  • If the project involves cutting treated wood, remember to protect your eyes and nose against the projection of wood particles that have been chemically treated.
  • If electrical cables protected by a plastic sheath pass through holes made in metal studs, it is recommended to have plastic eyelets on the holes in question to prevent the sheath wrapping the electrical cables from being torn by the edges. sharp holes.
  • On the other hand, if the electric cables are encased in a metallic sheath, the eyelets are not necessary.
  • If the ceiling joists must remain exposed (rather than being hidden behind gypsum panels or acoustic tiles), they are generally wider than the standard 2 “ones to give the room a more aesthetic appearance.


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